The Protection of Sensitive Skin
Many Americans believe that they have sensitive skin, while, in fact, they may just be suffering from temporary allergic reactions to certain cosmetics or household products. Stinging, redness, burning, and skin tightness can be both allergic symptoms and signs of the skin sensitivity. However, sensitive skin goes far beyond these symptoms and may be revealed under different conditions.
The symptoms of very sensitive skin
The U.S. American Academy of Dermatology (ADA) names 3 major factors that help dermatologists diagnose sensitive skin:
- Multiple skin conditions like bumps, erosion, pustules;
- Very dry and irritated skin that doesn’t protect the nerve endings located in the skin;
- Quick blushing and flushing of the skin.
Sensitive skin: major causes
Sensitive skin is a quite common problem that can be treated with multiple professional and home remedies. However, it may not be the best decision to use common products for sensitive skin without knowing the type and cause of your skin sensitivity.
The ADA defines 4 types of sensitive skin issues:
- Allergic reactions;
- Chemical-caused sensitivity.
Sometimes, the skin may be only sensitive to excess sun or wind exposure, or during extreme cold or heat. Rarely, skin sensitivity can be inherited or caused by the gender, age, and race differences. If you are wondering what causes sensitive skin in your particular case, do not experiment with various skincare products – instead, consider visiting a dermatologist to get professional treatment.
How should you choose the sensitive skin products?
People who have skin irritation due to its high sensitivity should choose their skin care products carefully. The portals Wellness Mama and WebMD recommend following the guidelines when buying new skin products:
- Opt for a cream for sensitive skin with natural components;
- The best skincare products for sensitive skins have a little or no fragrance;
- Avoid any skin care for sensitive skin products containing alcohol, retinoids, alpha-hydroxy acids, antibacterial and deodorant components;
- If you need to buy a moisturizer for sensitive skin, consider choosing a product rich in ceramides, mineral oil, linoleic acid, petrolatum, glycerin or dimethicone;
- If you prefer using a face powder, aim for a product with the minimum amount of preservatives for reduced risk of skin irritation;
- For the same purpose, you may buy a silicone-based foundation;
- Waterproof cosmetics and sensitive skin are not compatible;
- Black eyeliners and mascaras are, statistically, less allergenic;
- If you want to use eye makeup, try using pencil eyeliners and eyebrow fillers, instead of liquid eyeliners. The thing is that liquid eyeliners may contain latex causing allergic skin reactions;
- Throw away old cosmetics – they can become contaminated and spoil.
Cleansing tips for people with sensitive skin
Sensitive skincare, as well as normal skincare, has to begin with cleansing followed by moisturizing and sun protection. If you follow the tips of StyleCraze.Com, the perfect face wash for sensitive skin may be plain water to remove irritants and dirt.
Alternatively, you may use a special cleansing “soap” for sensitive skin. The “soap” for sensitive skin doesn’t contain any harsh components found in conventional soaps. Keep in mind that conventional soap may strip essential oils from a sensitive face, making it dryer and more irritated.
Try staying away from any cleansing products containing acidic components and remedies with fragrances.
Use your cleanser for sensitive skin twice throughout the day. Additionally, you may use special fragrance-free facial scrubs once a week. Try applying a facial scrub for sensitive skin containing soft beads. Consider avoiding any loofahs and sponges that may irritate your skin.
Tips for moisturizing sensitive skin
Moisturizing sensitive skin can be done in 2 ways, according to StyleCraze.Com and the National Eczema Association:
- The first method: apply a moisturizer immediately after cleansing your skin with water;
- The second method: moisturize after patting the skin dry with a towel, but leaving some moisture. In this case, you are to apply a moisturizer on your skin within 3 minutes after cleansing.
Bear in mind that moisturizers do not all work in the same way. Products for sensitive skin are available in the form of creams, ointments, or lotions. Opt for a lightweight formula that feels good on your sensitive skin. Those who want to reduce acne and oily skin should consider using an oil-free moisturizer without a fragrance.
When using a moisturizer, apply a small amount to the face and thicker amounts to other areas. Cleansers and moisturizers are essential for skin care, but don’t forget to protect your sensitive skin from the sun using a sunscreen for sensitive skin.
Sun protection for your sensitive skin
Sensitive skin can be heavily affected by sun damage, which may even lead to the premature aging, skin irritation, and cancer. That is why it is essential to keep a daily sunscreen regimen when exposed to direct sunlight.
To protect your skin from ultraviolet rays, consider using a sunscreen product with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) varying from 30 to 50. SPF 15 products may be practically useless for sensitive skin. After applying cleansers and moisturizers, you need to use a sunscreen product without any fragrances, heavy oils, and acidic components.
If live in a sunny region and spend at least 20 minutes outside daily, you may want to wear a sunscreen year-round.
Apply your sensitive skin sunscreen product 30 minutes before going out. The experts recommend re-applying it every 80 minutes, especially after swimming or sweating heavily.
Expert tips for sensitive skin care in summer and winter
If you want to keep your sensitive skin protected during the harsh winter or hot summer months, consider following these expert tips given by Healthline and Prevetion.Com:
- To prevent dry and flaking skin, stop overheating your skin at home. In order to do this, take fewer hot showers and baths;
- Patting your skin dry after taking a bath and applying a moisturizer on the moist skin can be a successful formula to keep in moisture;
- Tanning may cause severe damage to your sensitive skin. Consider staying away from direct sun, even if you have applied sunscreen for your face;
- When outside during the summer heat, wear sunglasses, a wide-brimmed hat, and tightly-woven clothing completely covering your legs and arms.