What Remedies Can Help Get Rid of Facial Scars?
The skin is a seamless organ, which can protect us from the harsh environment and make us look younger and more beautiful. However, if you have scars on the face caused by acne breakouts or injuries (including burns and surgeries), you may experience discomfort, both physical and emotional. Some scars can be easily concealed with makeup and vanish completely over time, but some need long-term scar treatment just to fade away.
To help make you feel more confident about your skin, here we will discuss what you can do for effective facial scar removal.
Major types of facial scars
To find the best treatment for scars on the face, it can be useful to know what type of scars you have. According to WebMD, scarring is a normal natural process of the skin healing itself after an injury. The appearance, depth, and size of facial scars may depend on the injury and individual peculiarities of the skin rejuvenation.
There are 4 common facial scar types:
This type of scarring may develop because of the aggressive healing process of the facial injuries. Over time, keloid scars on the face may even extend beyond the initial injury that caused them. Treating these scars only by means of a scar healing cream may be not effective. In most cases, keloid scars can be treated with the help of steroid injections and silicone sheets. The newest freezing technology (cryotherapy) can help remove small keloids. Pressure therapy and gel pads immediately after the injuries can turn out to be the best scar treatment in this case. Statistically, keloid scars are more common in people with dark skin.
These scars may happen because of moderate-to-severe burns on the face. Such scars commonly tighten the facial skin, making it harder to move the muscles. The danger of such scars is that they can spread deeper and affect the nerves and muscles. The treatment of contracture scars may require long-term laser therapy or plastic surgeries.
You can recognize these scars because of their raised form and red color, kind of like keloid scars. The treatment of these scars may require the long-term use of steroid injections, a special scar cream for the face to reduce the inflammation and silicone sheets for flattening the scar.
If you had severe acne in your teen years, there is a high chance that there are some acne scars on your face. To remove acne scars, you may need the multiple plastic surgeries or long-term acne laser treatment, as these scars can range from deep pits to wavelike marks. However, in most cases, it can be enough to apply an anti-scar cream daily.
Medical and home methods for the treatment of facial scars
Sometimes, using some of the best scar removal creams can be enough to cure the inflammation and reduce the size of scars for good. However, in the case of severe facial scars, you may require more aggressive methods of scar treatment performed only in medical facilities by professional dermatologists.
According to Healthline, there are 5 main treatment options for people with moderate-to-severe scars on the face:
Using certain mild acids applied to a single layer of the scarred skin though the procedure of chemical peels, a dermatologist may exfoliate the scar tissue and expose a new layer of smooth skin. There are deep, medium, and superficial chemical peels that may affect the scarred skin in different ways. According to the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, deep chemical peels may need about 3 weeks to heal. The face is bandaged during this period, with the dressings changed a few times throughout the day. For the prevention of bacterial infections, this type of keloid and acne scar treatment may also require regular use of antiviral meds.
Dermabrasion remains one of the most popular, affordable, and effective methods of acne scar removal. You can get microdermabrasion kits at any local drugstore, but dermabrasion can be done only by a dermatologist with a wire brush or a wheel. However, despite its efficacy, dermabrasion is not the best acne spot treatment because it may trigger severe side effects including infections, skin darkening, swelling, redness, and uneven skin tone.
Having the same goal as chemical peels, the acne scar laser treatment can remove the top layer of the scarred skin. But, unlike dermabrasion and peels, the laser treatment for acne, keloids, and burn scars uses the safer laser beams for the damaged skin removal. There are two types of laser acne scar removal – erbium and carbon dioxide resurfacing with laser-beams. Erbium is considered the safest laser treatment for facial scars, while carbon dioxide may be more effective for the scar treatment of other body parts. This procedure requires wearing bandages while you heal.
Plastic surgery may seem radical but, it is sometimes the only effective treatment method for deep and severe facial scars. This is an invasive therapy during which the scar tissue is removed or changed with a scalpel. A person may require from 2 weeks to a few months to recover after a facial plastic surgery.
Some affordable home remedies can be useful for acne scar removal on the face. You may apply petroleum jelly to moisturize the scarred skin, bleaching kits (sold over-the-counter), and Manuka honey for reducing the redness and infections. However, you should not expect a lot from home scar remedies.
How can you prevent and minimize facial scars?
The instant medical treatment of facial skin wounds may minimize or even prevent scars from occurring. According to WebMD, you can follow such expert recommendations for this purpose:
- Clean a wound or cut after getting it. You may apply topical antibiotics like Neosporin to prevent the skin tissue’s inflammation. The washing of the wound with mild soap and warm can also help;
- Try applying Vaseline or petroleum jelly to moisturize a wound and prevent scar formation;
- Wearing daily the sunscreen products with Sun Protection Factor (SPF) higher than 30 can help the scars fade faster, preventing them from turning red or brown while being exposed to the direct sunlight.
As you may have noticed, there are a few options available for scar treatment, from the use of special scar removal creams to multiple plastic surgeries. Keep in mind, that any scar treatment should be supervised by licensed dermatologists. Also, be ready for the bitter truth that some scars, even after a few courses of professional treatment, may be permanent, without fading away.