Knee Pain Treatment and Affordable Home Remedies
Sore knees are one of the most common health conditions that you may experience as you get older. Physical injuries, arthritis, improper postures while you sitting or standing are all factors that can play a role in knee pain causes. WebMD identifies knee pain as a painful sensation in the area around the knee joint. If you experience this condition, use this information to learn about ways to take care of your knees.
The location of pain in a knee may vary; it can start in the bones of the knee joint (scientifically called the fibula, tibia, and femur), in the kneecap (or patella) or in the ligaments and cartilage (or meniscus). The severity of knee pain may also vary from a minor ache to an unbearably disabling condition.
Major symptoms and causes of knee pain
The Mayo Clinic lists common reasons that may be responsible for knee problems as:
- overuse of the knees, lack of their use or improper training.
- bone fractures.
- weakened bone structure.
- lupus and other chronic disorders.
- meniscus, ligament injuries or other knee injuries.
- dislocation of the knee joint.
- stiffness in the joint due to knee arthritis.
Pain in the joint can be also followed by knee pain symptoms like severe stiffness, difficulties while sitting or walking, swollen kneecap, or numbness or redness in the affected leg.
Medical recommendations for knee joint pain relief
Consider choosing a method for knee pain treatment according to the severity of the ache. If your pain is caused by overuse or improper posture, rest and some exercises or stretches can be helpful. Knee injuries can be treated only by professional health care providers who can prevent issues from getting worse.
Taking medicine for knee pain should be considered only if arthritis is your knee ache diagnosis. In this case, your health care provider may prescribe the following types of medications:
- Nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Aspirin and Ibuprofen are available without a prescription at any pharmacy. These pills can ease knee pain; home remedies can be applied as well if you take these medications. NSAIDs can also reduce the inflammation of knee arthritis.
- Over-the-counter painkillers, mostly analgesics, can be helpful for the treatment of knee problems. Analgesics like Acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help if you have a knee pain but can’t take the NSAIDs because of stomach problems. Please remember, these drugs won’t treat arthritis inflammation and may only deliver temporary knee joint pain relief.
- Corticosteroids are rapidly acting drugs that can control knee pain and inflammation. The most affordable oral corticosteroid is Cortisol, available for injections and to take orally.
Home treatment for knee pain
When treating sore muscles and joints, you should follow this acronym: RICE. It stands for “Rest, Ice, Compress, and Elevate. As one of these home knee pain remedies, it is recommended that you use a cold compress. This compress can decrease the blood flow to the painful area. You can make the cold compress by:
- Take ice cubes or a bag of frozen peas;
- Wrap the cubes or a bag in a thin towel;
- Place on the affected area;
- Leave it for 20 minutes;
- Repeat the compress 2-3 times daily.
Mixture of cayenne pepper and olive oil
For the treatment of painful knees, you may use the following recipe:
- Take 2 tablespoons of cayenne pepper powder;
- Add a half cup of warm olive oil to the powder;
- Mix the components;
- Apply the mixture on the affected area;
- Repeat at least 2 times a day;
- You may need to do this daily for a week.
Mixture of lemon juice, ginger, and honey
This homemade mixture can quickly relieve pain, swelling, and inflammation of the knee joint. Follow these directions to prepare the mixture:
- Crush fresh ginger root into little pieces
- Add the pieces to a cup of distilled water
- Boil water with ginger for 10 minutes
- Strain this liquid
- Add honey and lemon juice to taste
- Sip 3 cups of this herbal tea per day
- Repeat every day until the knee pain disappears.
According to many reviews and research, Epsom salts are rich in magnesium sulfate that can provide quick knee pain relief. Magnesium may remove excessive fluid from tissues and reduce inflammation.
You can use Epsom salt for knee pain in this way:
- Add a half cup of Epsom salts to a hot bath;
- Stir the salts well;
- Soak the painful knee for 15 minutes;
- Repeat the bath with Epsom salts a few times a week.
Important notice: this remedy may only worsen your knee pain if you also suffer from hypertension, heart diseases or diabetes.
Tips that may prevent knee pain
- Consider losing extra weight if you have this problem.
- Try to keep the high-heeled shoes away or wear for rare occasions.
- You may take daily magnesium and omega-3 supplements.
- Walk at least 15 minutes every day.
- Stay hydrated.
- If your knees get swollen because of pregnancy, overweight or a desk work, try to keep them in a high position while sitting or lying.
- Consider adding fruits and vegetables as mango, kiwi, grapefruit, papaya, sprouts, the Brussels cabbage, cauliflower to your diet.
- Try to add calcium-rich foods like milk, eggs, meat to your daily diet.
- Drink a tart cherry juice daily.
What else can you do for home knee pain relief
- Consider following the technique of “rest, ice, compression, and elevation” (RICE). The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons recommends using the “RICE” method as soon you feel knee problems.
- Try using a crutch or cane if you feel problems while walking or standing because of your knees. Knee braces and splints can be also helpful.
- Wear comfortable shoes with cushioned insoles that may reduce stress on the swollen knees.
Bear in mind that there is no such thing as the best medicine for knee pain. Only a health care specialist can diagnose what causes the knee pain and recommend how to treat this pain. If you have mild-to-moderate pain, you may try use one of the offered home remedies for knee pain. Otherwise, consider seeking medical assistance.