Effective Home Remedies for a Sinusitis Relief
According to WebMD, the swelling or inflammation of the tissues lining the sinuses is called sinusitis. Usually, healthy sinuses are filled with air, but because of a common cold or allergies, they can get swollen. Bacteria, viruses, and even fungi can develop and cause swollen sinuses. When you contract a virus, the fluids start to discharge causing a viral sinusitis infection.
Causes of sinus inflammation and infection
- The infection of paranasal sinuses triggered by viruses, fungus, or bacteria
- Allergic rhinitis
- The effect of some allergens
- Nasal polyps and the following blockage of the maxillary sinus
- A bad autoimmune reaction
- The intake of some immune system suppressing medications
- Air pollution
In children, causes that may lead to recurring sinusitis infections are food allergies, some pacifiers, bottle drinking while lying on the back, smoke, and air pollution in the surrounding environment.
Symptoms of acute and chronic sinusitis
The Mayo Clinic staff notes that every 1 in 10 people suffers from acute sinusitis every year. People from all age groups can suffer from a bacterial sinusitis infection, there isn’t one group that tends to get this more often than others.
There are 2 main types of sinusitis – acute and chronic. Acute sinusitis is a form of the infection that lasts no more than 4 weeks. Chronic sinusitis may last from 8 to 12 weeks. The symptoms of a sinus infection in different forms may vary drastically.
The person with this form of the inflamed sinuses may have at least 2 of the following symptoms:
- Yellow or green discharge from the nose;
- Stuffy nose;
- Facial pain;
- Possible tiredness, fever, toothache, and bad breath.
This is a long-term severe sinus infection that may have these symptoms:
- Puffy face;
- Pain in the cheeks;
- Extreme tiredness;
- Nasal cavities are stuffed with pus;
- Blocked nose;
- Severe headaches;
- Discolored postnasal discharge.
Healthcare specialists also define other common types of a sinusitis infection:
- Sphenoid sinusitis is the inflammation of sphenoid sinuses that are located behind the skull, below the pituitary gland. People with this type of a sinus infection may experience cold, severe neck pain, headaches, weakened sense of smell, and severe mucus discharge.
- Acute rhinosinusitis (or acute maxillary sinusitis) can occur when the cavities around the nasal passages get swollen because of a common cold or allergies. The first possible symptom of this type of sinusitis is the difficulty with breathing. Someone with acute rhinosinusitis may have a swollen face, throbbing facial pain, and severe headaches.
Medical options for sinus infection treatment
When choosing a cure for sinus infection, a health care specialist may consider running a few tests to diagnose the cause of the infection. For example, if the sinusitis is caused by allergies, decongestant pills can’t be used because they will not help.
For temporary sinus relief, you can try to take the following medications:
- Antibiotics like Tetracycline may relieve the signs of a bacterial sinusitis. Health care specialists recommend taking antibiotics as a sinus medicine for 14 days maximum;
- Over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers like Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen may reduce discomfort from sinusitis. Medical professionals recommend taking the OTC painkillers no longer than 10 days;
- Decongesting nasal sprays and pills can lower the amount of mucus in the infected sinuses. However, it is possible that a decongesting nasal spray can worsen the nasal congestion;
- Allergy medications like antihistamines can reduce the sinus infection only if it is caused by allergens;
- Oral steroids can be helpful only for the people with chronic sinusitis.
Home remedies for sinus infections
Sinus rinse with sea salt and baking soda
For a sinus headache, home remedies with baking soda and sea salt may be very effective in reducing the swelling in the sinuses. You may try to irrigate the sinuses with these two natural remedies like this:
- Buy a neti pot for this remedy – it is sold at any pharmacy;
- Boil 4 cups of water and cool down to room temperature;
- Add to the boiled water a teaspoon of table salt; 3 drops of eucalyptus oil, 5 drops of oregano extract, 20 drops of betadine solution, 3 drops of tea tree oil, and 1 teaspoon of baking soda;
- Mix all the ingredients well;
- Pour the mixture into the neti pot and rinse your nose as the instruction for the neti pot suggests;
- Repeat the rinse a few times throughout the day.
Prepare herbal tea for a quick sinus remedy
You may try to prepare an herbal tea for unblocking a stuffy nose. Try to follow this recipe:
- Add to a cup of water a few dry herbs – peppermint, fennel, and sage;
- Boil the water with herbs;
- Strain the water and sip the tea while it is hot;
- Sip this tea at least twice a day.
Daily tips for home sinusitis relief
- You may try a few nose exercises to improve the blood circulation to the clogged sinuses. Try to press the nose’s side with the thumb for 15 seconds. Repeat for the other side of the nose. Do this exercise throughout the day.
- Some foods rich in Vitamin A may help relieve sinus pain. These foods are leafy vegetables, tomatoes, egg yolks, and carrots.
- Consider avoiding alcohol while you have a sinus infection. Alcohol may worsen the swelling of the sinus passages.
- Cayenne pepper added to your daily diet may help decongest the stuffy nose and prevent mucus.
- Eating 4 garlic cloves may work as a natural remedy for a sinus infection because of the scientifically proven anti-fungal properties of garlic.
- Try using an air humidifier in the rooms where you work and sleep. Dry air can worsen any type of sinus infection.
- Try drinking lots of liquids like juices, water, herbal teas, and chicken soups. The fluids can help in thinning out nasal mucus and provide the required hydration in your weakened body.
If a chosen sinus infection remedy didn’t help over the period of a week, you may consider visiting a doctor to prevent the development of chronic sinusitis.